Garnet is the name given to a group of chemically and physically similar silica minerals. The history of garnet dates back to the Bronze Age, more than 5000 years ago. Its name, which has been used since these ancient times, was derived from the Latin word granatium, which means pomegranate (because the small, red crystals were thought to resemble pomegranate seeds). The original name was actually granat, but in time the name morphed into the name garnet.
Although garnet is commonly associated with the color red, these gemstones can be found in almost any color - greens, oranges, pinkish oranges, deeply saturated purplish reds, and even some blues. Garnets can even exhibit the color-change phenomenon similar to the rare gemstone alexandrite.
The garnet family is one of the most complex in the gem world. It's not a single species but rather consists of several species and varieties. All garnets have essentially the same crystal structure, but they vary in chemical composition. There are more than twenty garnet categories, called species, but only five are commercially important as gems. Those five are pyrope, almandine (also called almandite), spessartine, grossular (grossularite), and andradite. A sixth, uvarovite, is a green garnet that usually occurs as crystals too small to cut. It’s sometimes set as clusters in jewelry. Many garnets are chemical mixtures of two or more garnet species.
Garnet is usually thought of as a gemstone but most garnet is mined for industrial uses. A very small number of garnets are pure and flawless enough to be cut as gemstones. The majority of garnet mining is for massive garnet that is crushed and used to make abrasives. Today, the vast majority of garnet is used as an abrasive blasting material, for water filtration, in a process called water jet cutting, and to make abrasive powders.
Garnets can be found worldwide. Some notable producers of garnet include: United States, Australia, China, India, Russia, Turkey.
YAG, or yttrium aluminium garnet, was the first synthetic garnet available on the jewelry market. In its pure state, YAG is colorless. However, it can be created in almost every color. They can be cut in to beautiful gems and are a favorite of many lapidaries.
The easiest way to experience the healing properties of garnet is to wear it as jewelry. Garnet can cleanse your body, mind, and spirit. It can make sure that you are functioning at your 100% all the time!This stone can help you use your charisma to achieve what you want, and it can give you the inspiration and vitality to work consistently for what you want. Garnet’s healing properties can be very helpful when it comes to cardiovascular problems. Garnet is also known to alleviate pains associated with arthritis and rheumatism