Garnet is the name used for a large group of rock-forming minerals. These minerals share a common crystal structure and a generalized chemical composition.
The word garnet comes from the 14th‑century Middle English word gernet, meaning 'dark red'. And most people associate the word "garnet" with a red gemstone; however, they are often surprised to learn that garnet occurs in many other colors and has many other uses. In the United States, the major industrial uses of garnet in 2012 were waterjet cutting (35%), abrasive blasting media (30%), water filtration granules (20%), and abrasive powders (10%).
The most commonly encountered minerals in the garnet group include almandine, pyrope, spessartine, andradite, grossular, and uvarovite.
Garnet has been used as gemstone for over 5000 years. It is a beautiful gem that is usually sold without treatment of any kind. It is also durable and common enough that it can be used in jewelry at a relatively low cost.
Garnet continues as a popular gemstone today. It serves as a birthstone for the month of January and is a traditional gem given on a second anniversary. Most people will think of a red gemstone when they hear the name "garnet" because they are not aware that garnet occurs in a variety of colors. Gem-quality garnets occur in every color - with red being the most common and blue garnets being especially rare.
Garnet is a crystal of health, passion and energy. Powerful Garnet can cleanse the chakras of negative energies and re-energize them. Use Garnet to balance the Sacral Chakra and sex drive, and to aid in the controlled rise of Kundalini energy. Garnet inspires love and passion, devotion and loyalty. A stone of commitment, Garnet encourages personal relationships of all kinds, and is a useful relationship tool both personally and in business.
Garnet is a good stone for depression, bringing joy and hope to its user, and helps lessen anger, especially toward oneself. Garnet’s fire stimulates the survival instinct, bringing willpower and courage to a situation.